导读 使用Nginx做代理的时候,可以简单的直接把请求原封不动的转发给下一个服务。下面我们讲讲更多的用法

使用Nginx做代理的时候,可以简单的直接把请求原封不动的转发给下一个服务。
比如,访问abc.com/appv2/a/b.html, 要求转发到localhost:8088/appv2/a/b.html
简单配置如下:

upstream one {
        server localhost:8088 weight=5;
 }

server {
        listen 80;
        server_name abc.com;
        access_log "pipe:rollback /data/log/nginx/access.log interval=1d baknum=7 maxsize=1G" main;


        location / {
                proxy_set_header Host $host;
                proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
                proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
                proxy_set_header X-NginX-Proxy true;
                proxy_pass http://one;
        }

 }

即,设置 proxy_pass 即可。请求只会替换域名。但很多时候,我们需要根据url的前缀转发到不同的服务。设置proxy_pass请求只会替换域名,如果要根据不同的url后缀来访问不同的服务,则需要通过如下方法.

方法一:加"/"
server {
    listen              8000;
    server_name         abc.com;
    access_log  "pipe:rollback /data/log/nginx/access.log interval=1d baknum=7 maxsize=1G"  main;

    location ^~/user/ {
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_set_header  X-Real-IP        $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header  X-Forwarded-For  $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        proxy_set_header X-NginX-Proxy true;

        proxy_pass http://user/;
    }

    location ^~/order/ {
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_set_header  X-Real-IP        $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header  X-Forwarded-For  $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        proxy_set_header X-NginX-Proxy true;

        proxy_pass http://order/;
    }
}

^~/user/表示匹配前缀是user的请求,proxy_pass的结尾有/, 则会把/user/*后面的路径直接拼接到后面,即移除user

方法二:rewrite
upstream user {
  server localhost:8089 weight=5;
}
upstream order {
  server localhost:8090 weight=5;
}

server {
    listen              80;
    server_name  abc.com;
    access_log  "pipe:rollback /data/log/nginx/access.log interval=1d baknum=7 maxsize=1G"  main;

    location ^~/user/ {
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_set_header  X-Real-IP        $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header  X-Forwarded-For  $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        proxy_set_header X-NginX-Proxy true;

        rewrite ^/user/(.*)$ /$1 break;
        proxy_pass http://user;
    }

    location ^~/order/ {
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_set_header  X-Real-IP        $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header  X-Forwarded-For  $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        proxy_set_header X-NginX-Proxy true;

        rewrite ^/order/(.*)$ /$1 break;
        proxy_pass http://order;
    }
}

proxy_pass结尾/, rewrite重写了url。

关于rewrite
syntax: rewrite regex replacement [flag]
Default: —
Context: server, location, if

原文来自:https://blog.csdn.net/gongchenyu/article/details/85960027

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