导读 最近平台EFK版本均作了升级,平台采用EFK(ElasticSearch-7.6.2 + FileBeat-7.6.2 + Kibana-7.6.2)架构。这里建议三个组件主次版本保持一致。考虑到服务器比较多,所以写成脚本来批量部署。

脚本内容大家看一下function就行了..

架构

EFK采用集中式的日志管理架构

elasticsearch:一个开源分布式搜索引擎,提供搜集、分析、存储数据三大功能。它的特点有:分布式,零配置,自动发现,索引自动分片,索引副本机制,restful风格接口,多数据源,自动搜索负载等。

kibana:可以为Logstash 、Beats和ElasticSearch提供友好的日志分析Web 界面,可以帮助汇总、分析和搜索重要数据日志。

filebeat:轻量级日志采集器。需要在每个应用服务器配置filebeat,来采集日志,并输出到elasticsearch。

一键部署KIBANA脚本
function install_es7_el7()  
{ 
    echo "" 
  echo -e "\033[33m****************************************************安装ElasticSearch 7.6.2*****************************************************\033[0m"  
  #action "********初始化JAVA环境********" /bin/true 
  #install_jdk 
 
  #下载包 
    if [ -f /opt/elasticsearch-7.6.2-x86_64.rpm ] && [ -f /opt/elasticsearch-analysis-ik-7.6.2.zip ] ;then 
        echo "*****存在ElasticSearch 7.6.2安装包,无需下载*****" 
    else 
      ping -c 4 artifacts.elastic.co >/dev/null 2>&1 
      if [ $? -eq 0 ];then 
        wget https://artifacts.elastic.co/downloads/elasticsearch/elasticsearch-7.6.2-x86_64.rpm -O /opt/elasticsearch-7.6.2-x86_64.rpm 
        wget https://github.com/medcl/elasticsearch-analysis-ik/releases/download/v7.6.2/elasticsearch-analysis-ik-7.6.2.zip  -O /opt/elasticsearch-analysis-ik-7.6.2.zip    
      else 
        echo "please download ES7 package manual !" 
        exit $? 
      fi  
  fi 
 
  #安装es7.6  
  action "********安装ElasticSearch 7.6.2服务********" /bin/true 
  chmod u+x /opt/elasticsearch-7.6.2-x86_64.rpm && rpm -ivh /opt/elasticsearch-7.6.2-x86_64.rpm 
   
  #建目录及授权 
  mkdir -p $ES_HOME/data &&  mkdir -p $ES_HOME/log 
  chown -R elasticsearch:elasticsearch $ES_HOME && chmod -R 755 $ES_HOME 
   
  #修改ES配置文件 
  cp /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml_bak &>/dev/null  
cat > /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml << EOF cluster.name: es-cluster # 设定本机节点名 node.name: es_node # 设定集群主节点清单 cluster.initial_master_nodes: ["es_node"] path.data: ${ES_HOME}/data path.logs: ${ES_HOME}/log bootstrap.memory_lock: false bootstrap.system_call_filter: false # 允许从其它机器访问 network.host: 0.0.0.0 http.port: ${ES_PORT} discovery.zen.ping.unicast.hosts: ["${ES_IP}:${ES_PORT}"] EOF #安装分词器:ik-analyzer插件 #默认情况下,ES使用内置的标准分词器,对文本进行解析。但是对于中文,其会拆解为一个一个的汉字,最终失去了分词的意义,所以安装分词器:ik-analyzer插件 action "********安装ik-analyzer插件********" /bin/true mkdir -p /usr/share/elasticsearch/plugins/ik unzip /opt/elasticsearch-analysis-ik-7.6.2.zip -d /usr/share/elasticsearch/plugins/ik/ &>/dev/null  
  chown -R elasticsearch:elasticsearch /usr/share/elasticsearch/plugins/ &&  chmod -R 755  /usr/share/elasticsearch/plugins/ 
  sleep 2 
#在filebeat配置文件中为索引模板添加默认分词器属性。未来新创建的索引均引用此属性: 
#setup.template.settings: 
#  index.analysis.analyzer.default.type: "ik_max_word" 
#  index.analysis.analyzer.default_search.type: "ik_max_word" 
#setup.template.overwrite: true 
#在Linux终端中执行如下命令,为现有所有索引,设置默认分词器属性: 
#curl -X POST "172.16.20.143:9200/_all/_close" 
#curl -X PUT  -H'Content-Type: application/json' 'http://172.16.20.143:9200/_all/_settings?preserve_existing=true' -d '{ 
#  "index.analysis.analyzer.default.type" : "ik_max_word", 
#  "index.analysis.analyzer.default_search.type" : "ik_max_word" 
#}' 
#curl -X POST "172.16.20.143:9200/_all/_open" 
 
 
  #启动ES并初始化数据 
  action "********启动es并初始化数据********" /bin/true 
  systemctl daemon-reload && systemctl enable elasticsearch.service  
  systemctl restart elasticsearch.service 
  es_version=`curl -XGET ${ES_IP}:${ES_PORT}` 
  echo -e "\033[33m**************************************************完成ElasticSearch 7.6.2安装***************************************************\033[0m" 
cat > /tmp/es7.log  << EOF 
ES服务器IP: ${ES_IP} 
ES服务器端口:${ES_PORT} 
ES数据目录: ${ES_HOME}/data 
ES日志目录: ${ES_HOME}/log 
ES详细信息: ${es_version} 
EOF 
  cat /tmp/es7.log 
  echo -e "\e[1;31m 以上信息10秒后消失,保存在/tmp/es7.log文件下 \e[0m" 
  echo -e "\033[33m************************************************************************************************************************\033[0m" 
  echo "" 
  sleep 10 
} 

一键部署Elasticsearch脚本
function install_es7_el7()  
{ 
    echo "" 
  echo -e "\033[33m****************************************************安装ElasticSearch 7.6.2*****************************************************\033[0m"  
  #action "********初始化JAVA环境********" /bin/true 
  #install_jdk 
 
  #下载包 
    if [ -f /opt/elasticsearch-7.6.2-x86_64.rpm ] && [ -f /opt/elasticsearch-analysis-ik-7.6.2.zip ] ;then 
        echo "*****存在ElasticSearch 7.6.2安装包,无需下载*****" 
    else 
      ping -c 4 artifacts.elastic.co >/dev/null 2>&1 
      if [ $? -eq 0 ];then 
        wget https://artifacts.elastic.co/downloads/elasticsearch/elasticsearch-7.6.2-x86_64.rpm -O /opt/elasticsearch-7.6.2-x86_64.rpm 
        wget https://github.com/medcl/elasticsearch-analysis-ik/releases/download/v7.6.2/elasticsearch-analysis-ik-7.6.2.zip  -O /opt/elasticsearch-analysis-ik-7.6.2.zip    
      else 
        echo "please download ES7 package manual !" 
        exit $? 
      fi  
  fi 
 
  #安装es7.6  
  action "********安装ElasticSearch 7.6.2服务********" /bin/true 
  chmod u+x /opt/elasticsearch-7.6.2-x86_64.rpm && rpm -ivh /opt/elasticsearch-7.6.2-x86_64.rpm 
   
  #建目录及授权 
  mkdir -p $ES_HOME/data &&  mkdir -p $ES_HOME/log 
  chown -R elasticsearch:elasticsearch $ES_HOME && chmod -R 755 $ES_HOME 
   
  #修改ES配置文件 
  cp /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml_bak &>/dev/null  
cat > /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml << EOF cluster.name: es-cluster # 设定本机节点名 node.name: es_node # 设定集群主节点清单 cluster.initial_master_nodes: ["es_node"] path.data: ${ES_HOME}/data path.logs: ${ES_HOME}/log bootstrap.memory_lock: false bootstrap.system_call_filter: false # 允许从其它机器访问 network.host: 0.0.0.0 http.port: ${ES_PORT} discovery.zen.ping.unicast.hosts: ["${ES_IP}:${ES_PORT}"] EOF #安装分词器:ik-analyzer插件 #默认情况下,ES使用内置的标准分词器,对文本进行解析。但是对于中文,其会拆解为一个一个的汉字,最终失去了分词的意义,所以安装分词器:ik-analyzer插件 action "********安装ik-analyzer插件********" /bin/true mkdir -p /usr/share/elasticsearch/plugins/ik unzip /opt/elasticsearch-analysis-ik-7.6.2.zip -d /usr/share/elasticsearch/plugins/ik/ &>/dev/null  
  chown -R elasticsearch:elasticsearch /usr/share/elasticsearch/plugins/ &&  chmod -R 755  /usr/share/elasticsearch/plugins/ 
  sleep 2 
#在filebeat配置文件中为索引模板添加默认分词器属性。未来新创建的索引均引用此属性: 
#setup.template.settings: 
#  index.analysis.analyzer.default.type: "ik_max_word" 
#  index.analysis.analyzer.default_search.type: "ik_max_word" 
#setup.template.overwrite: true 
#在Linux终端中执行如下命令,为现有所有索引,设置默认分词器属性: 
#curl -X POST "172.16.20.143:9200/_all/_close" 
#curl -X PUT  -H'Content-Type: application/json' 'http://172.16.20.143:9200/_all/_settings?preserve_existing=true' -d '{ 
#  "index.analysis.analyzer.default.type" : "ik_max_word", 
#  "index.analysis.analyzer.default_search.type" : "ik_max_word" 
#}' 
#curl -X POST "172.16.20.143:9200/_all/_open" 
 
 
  #启动ES并初始化数据 
  action "********启动es并初始化数据********" /bin/true 
  systemctl daemon-reload && systemctl enable elasticsearch.service  
  systemctl restart elasticsearch.service 
  es_version=`curl -XGET ${ES_IP}:${ES_PORT}` 
  echo -e "\033[33m**************************************************完成ElasticSearch 7.6.2安装***************************************************\033[0m" 
cat > /tmp/es7.log  << EOF 
ES服务器IP: ${ES_IP} 
ES服务器端口:${ES_PORT} 
ES数据目录: ${ES_HOME}/data 
ES日志目录: ${ES_HOME}/log 
ES详细信息: ${es_version} 
EOF 
  cat /tmp/es7.log 
  echo -e "\e[1;31m 以上信息10秒后消失,保存在/tmp/es7.log文件下 \e[0m" 
  echo -e "\033[33m************************************************************************************************************************\033[0m" 
  echo "" 
  sleep 10 
} 

一键部署filebeat脚本
function install_filebeat7_el7()  
{ 
    echo "" 
  echo -e "\033[33m****************************************************安装Filebeat 7.6.2*****************************************************\033[0m"  
 
  #下载包 
    if [ -f /opt/filebeat-7.6.2-x86_64.rpm ] ;then 
        echo "*****存在Filebeat 7.6.2安装包,无需下载*****" 
    else 
      ping -c 4 artifacts.elastic.co >/dev/null 2>&1 
      if [ $? -eq 0 ];then 
        wget https://artifacts.elastic.co/downloads/beats/filebeat/filebeat-7.6.2-x86_64.rpm -O /opt/filebeat-7.6.2-x86_64.rpm 
      else 
        echo "please download Filebeat7.6 package manual !" 
        exit $? 
      fi  
  fi 
 
  #安装filebeat7.6  
  action "********安装filebeat 7.6.2服务********" /bin/true 
  chmod u+x /opt/filebeat-7.6.2-x86_64.rpm && rpm -ivh /opt/filebeat-7.6.2-x86_64.rpm 
   
  #修改kibana配置文件 
  cp /etc/filebeat/filebeat.yml /etc/filebeat/filebeat.yml_bak  
cat > /etc/filebeat/filebeat.yml << EOF filebeat.inputs: - type: log enabled: true paths: - /lcp_logs/*.log filebeat.config.modules: path: /etc/filebeat/modules.d/*.yml reload.enabled: false setup.template.settings: #number_of_shards 是数据分片数,默认为5,有时候设置为3 index.number_of_shards: 3 index.analysis.analyzer.default.type: "ik_max_word" index.analysis.analyzer.default_search.type: "ik_max_word" setup.template.overwrite: true setup.kibana: host: "${KIBANA_IP}:${KIBANA_PORT}" output.elasticsearch: hosts: ["${ES_IP}:${ES_PORT}"] ilm.enabled: true ilm.rollover_alias: "fsl_uat.prod1" ilm.pattern: "{now/d}-000001" processors: - add_host_metadata: ~ - add_cloud_metadata: ~ EOF #启动filebeat并初始化数据 action "********启动filebeat并初始化数据********" /bin/true systemctl daemon-reload && systemctl enable filebeat.service systemctl restart filebeat.service #nohup ./filebeat -e -c filebeat.yml >/dev/null 2>&1 & 
   
  echo -e "\033[33m**************************************************完成Filebeat 7.6.2安装***************************************************\033[0m" 
cat > /tmp/filebeat7.log << EOF 
filebeat版本:   7.6.2 
filebeat路径:    /usr/bin/filebeat 
filebeat配置kibana: ${KIBANA_IP}:${KIBANA_PORT} 
filebeat配置elasticsearch: ${ES_IP}:${ES_PORT} 
EOF 
  cat /tmp/filebeat7.log 
  echo -e "\e[1;31m 以上信息10秒后消失,保存在/tmp/filebeat7.log文件下 \e[0m" 
  echo -e "\033[33m************************************************************************************************************************\033[0m" 
  echo "" 
  sleep 10 
} 

原文来自:https://os.51cto.com/art/202005/616563.htm

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