导读 作为一名维护生产环境Linux服务器的系统管理员,在有些情况下,你需要根据地理位置,有选择性地阻止或允许网络流量。那么教你两种屏蔽海外流量的方法。
方法一:使用大神的开源脚本,屏蔽指定国家地区的IP访问
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/iiiiiii1/Block-IPs-from-countries/master/block-ips.sh
sh block-ips.sh
方法二:使用IPIP的数据库进行流量屏蔽(推荐,目前已支持centos6和7还有ubuntu系统)
#!/bin/bash
#判断是否具有root权限
root_need() {
    if [[ $EUID -ne 0 ]]; then
        echo "Error:This script must be run as root!" 1>&2
        exit 1
    fi
}

#检查系统分支及版本(主要是:分支->>版本>>决定命令格式)
check_release() {
    if uname -a | grep el7  ; then
        release="centos7"
    elif uname -a | grep el6 ; then
        release="centos6"
        yum install ipset -y
    elif cat /etc/issue |grep -i ubuntu ; then
        release="ubuntu"
        apt install ipset -y
    fi
}

#安装必要的软件(wget),并下载中国IP网段文件(最后将局域网地址也放进去)
get_china_ip() {
	#安装必要的软件(wget)
	rpm --help >/dev/null 2>&1 && rpm -qa |grep wget >/dev/null 2>&1 ||yum install -y wget ipset >/dev/null 2>&1 
	dpkg --help >/dev/null 2>&1 && dpkg -l |grep wget >/dev/null 2>&1 ||apt-get install wget ipset -y >/dev/null 2>&1

	#该文件由IPIP维护更新,大约一月一次更新(也可以用我放在国内的存储的版本,2018-9-8日版)
	[ -f china_ip_list.txt ] && mv china_ip_list.txt china_ip_list.txt.old
	wget https://github.com/17mon/china_ip_list/blob/master/china_ip_list.txt
	cat china_ip_list.txt |grep 'js-file-line">' |awk -F'js-file-line">' '{print $2}' |awk -F'< ' '{print $1}' >> china_ip.txt
	rm -rf china_ip_list.txt
	#wget https://qiniu.wsfnk.com/china_ip.txt

	#放行局域网地址
	echo "192.168.0.0/18" >> china_ip.txt
	echo "10.0.0.0/8" >> china_ip.txt
	echo "172.16.0.0/12" >> china_ip.txt
}

#只允许国内IP访问
ipset_only_china() {
	echo "ipset create whitelist-china hash:net hashsize 10000 maxelem 1000000" > /etc/ip-black.sh
	for i in $( cat china_ip.txt )
	do
        	echo "ipset add whitelist-china $i" >> /etc/ip-black.sh
	done
	echo "iptables -I INPUT -m set --match-set whitelist-china src -j ACCEPT" >> /etc/ip-black.sh
	#拒绝非国内和内网地址发起的tcp连接请求(tcp syn 包)(注意,只是屏蔽了入向的tcp syn包,该主机主动访问国外资源不用影响)
	echo "iptables  -A INPUT -p tcp --syn -m connlimit --connlimit-above 0 -j DROP" >> /etc/ip-black.sh
	#拒绝非国内和内网发起的ping探测(不影响本机ping外部主机)
	echo "iptables  -A INPUT -p icmp -m icmp --icmp-type 8 -j DROP" >> /etc/ip-black.sh
	#echo "iptables -A INPUT -j DROP" >> /etc/ip-black.sh
	rm -rf china_ip.txt
}

run_setup() {
	chmod +x /etc/rc.local
	sh /etc/ip-black.sh
	rm -rf /etc/ip-black.sh
	#下面这句主要是兼容centos6不能使用"-f"参数
	ipset save whitelist-china -f /etc/ipset.conf || ipset save whitelist-china > /etc/ipset.conf
	[ $release = centos7 ] && echo "ipset restore -f /etc/ipset.conf" >> /etc/rc.local
	[ $release = centos6 ] && echo "ipset restore < /etc/ipset.conf" >> /etc/rc.local
	echo "iptables -I INPUT -m set --match-set whitelist-china src -j ACCEPT" >> /etc/rc.local
	echo "iptables  -A INPUT -p tcp --syn -m connlimit --connlimit-above 0 -j DROP" >> /etc/rc.local
	echo "iptables  -A INPUT -p icmp -m icmp --icmp-type 8 -j DROP" >> /etc/rc.local
	#echo "iptables -A INPUT -j DROP" >> /etc/rc.local
}

main() {
	check_release
	get_china_ip
	ipset_only_china

case "$release" in
centos6)
	run_setup
	;;
centos7)
	chmod +x /etc/rc.d/rc.local
	run_setup
	;;
ubuntu)
	sed -i '/exit 0/d' /etc/rc.local
	run_setup
	echo "exit 0" >> /etc/rc.local
	;;
esac
}
main

原文来自:https://boke.wsfnk.com/archives/642.html

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